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Como cambiar el sentido de giro de un motor monofásico a 220V

Como cambiar el sentido de giro de un motor monofásico a 220V

Los motores eléctricos monofásicos que funcionan a una tensión de 220V son capaces de cambiar su sentido de giro al modificar la distribución de las pletinas del bornero de conexiones.

Al contrario que en los motores trifásicos a 380V, no basta con intercambiar dos de sus fases ya que los motores monofásicos a 220V solo tienen una fase activa.

En esta guía aprenderemos a como cambiar el sentido de giro de estos motores monofásicos a 220V.

COMO CAMBIAR EL SENTIDO DE GIRO DE UN MOTOR MONOFÁSICO A 220V

Una forma sencilla de realizar un cambio de giro en un motor monofásico a 220V sin la necesidad de materiales externos, es modificar la distribución de las pletinas que encontramos en la caja de conexiones. Esto es útil cuando al recibir nuestro nuevo motor comprobamos que no gira en el sentido deseado.

Generalmente el motor visto desde el frente girara su eje en el sentido de las agujas del reloj.

Si el motor es de alto par de arranque (dos condensadores) o de arranque medio (un condensador), la forma de realizar el cambio de giro en ambos equipos es la misma.

A continuación, veremos cómo hacerlo:

En esta configuración el motor generalmente girara el eje en el sentido de las agujas del reloj (a derechas).

Giro derecha zuendo.com

Motor eléctrico monofásico a 220V de arranque medio


Conexión motor monofásico arranque medio 220v

Motor eléctrico monofásico a 220V de alto par de arranque



Conexión motor monofásico alto par

En cambio, en esta otra configuración generalmente girara en el sentido contrario de las agujas del reloj (a izquierdas).



Motor eléctrico monofásico a 220V de arranque medio

Cambio de sentido de giro en motor monofásico arranque medio zuendo.com

Motor eléctrico monofásico a 220V de alto par de arranque

Cambio de sentido de giro en motor monofásico de alto par en zuendo.com

Como hemos podido ver en los ejemplos anteriores, sin importar cual sea el sentido de giro de nuestro motor, solamente hay que intercambiar las pletinas y conectar un cable a cada una de ellas.

Para cambiar estas pletinas es recomendable usar un destornillador de tubo hexagonal.

También existe la posibilidad de conectar un inversor de giro, por el que se podría cambiar el sentido el giro de una forma muy sencilla. En el siguiente diagrama se puede comprobar como se conectaría el selector en un motor de alto par de arranque y en uno de arranque medio. El selector lo puedes adquirir aquí

Instalación de inversor de giro en motor monofásico zuendo.com

Como se puede apreciar en la imagen, es muy sencillo. Se tienen que quitar por completo las pletinas que lleva la caja de conexiones del motor y tendría que quedar como se ve.

63Comentarios

    • Avatar
      Francisco Javier
      abr 11, 2019

      Buenos días. Tengo uni motor que indistintamente de como lo conecte, arranca para un lado o para el otro. No tiene un arranque definido. Si mueves el eje en un sentido arranca en ese sentidido. Por favor, ¿pueden decirme cual es el problema? Muchas gracias

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